SAP SD Determination in Easy Steps

We often encounter various issues when dealing with real-time issues in different projects, so we’ll go over the various SAP SD determinations. What is the basic configuration in Sales & Distribution? This will serve as a quick guide for all SAP SD Essential Configurations.

How item category determined in SAP SD?

Item category determination for Sales documents

SAP determines the item category automatically. The system considers four variables when determining item categories for sales Documents. Those are

  • Sales document type entry in the sales order screen
  • Item category group from the material master sales Org view configuration
  • Usage
  • Higher level item
item category is determined in SAP SD
item category is determined in SAP SD

How schedule line category is determined in SAP SD?

Any sales order line item must have one or more plan schedule lines. The system automatically determines the schedule line group by considering two factors:

  • Item category (of line item)
  • MRP type (in the material master)
How schedule line category is determined in SAP SD
How schedule line category is determined in SAP SD

 How does delivery type in SAP?

Delivery document defaulted in Sales Document type configuration as below

How determines delivery type in SAP
How determines delivery type in SAP

How is delivery item category determined?

System proposes delivery item category by the following configuration.System copy from the sales Document or it propose based on the below factors

  • Delivery Document type
  • Item category Group
  • Usage
  • High-level Item Category
How is delivery item category determined
How is delivery item category determined

How is shipping point determined in SAP?

A shipping point is a self-contained organisational entity that serves as a departure or receiving point for goods (movement). The inbound/outbound deliveries should/can be made from a single shipping point.

  • Delivery Plant
  • Shipping condition (Customer Master – Sold-to Party)
  • Loading group(Matrial Master)
How is shipping point determined in SAP?
How is shipping point determined in SAP?

How is Route determination in SAP

The system will use the condition technique to automatically determine the route. Determination of the route involves means of transport and legs.Route can be determined for order. In Delivery documents, weight group play a vital role for Route determination

Using condition technique, the system automatically determines the Route The mode of transportation and the number of legs determine the route. For order purposes, a route can be calculated.

  • Departure zone of the shipping point (customizing)
  • Shipping condition(SP)
  • Transport group(MM)
  • Transportation zone of the Ship to the Data)
How is Route determination in SAP
How is Route determination in SAP

How is storage location determined ?

A storage location is a place in a plant where stock is kept.Storage location determination be the below factors

  • Shipping point
  • Delivery plant
  • Storage condition from material master
How is storage location determined
How is storage location determined

What is account determination?

SAP System posts revenue, discount ,tax  values of each pricing element into respective G/L accounts. The system is use by condition technique to determine correct G/L account which call as account determination

How does SAP determine account determination?

System automatically determine account determination based on below configuration

  • Chart of Accounts
  • Sales Organisation
  • Customer Account grp (Payer Customer Master records )
  • Material Account grp (Material Master)
  • Account key

What is a business area in SAP?

SAP is software product capable of integrating multiple business applications in Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP), with each application representing a specific business area

How does SAP determine business area?

Business area determination happen based on following principles

  • Plant/Valutaion Area or
  • Sales area , else
  • Item division &  Plant combination

What is delivery plant in SAP?

Delivery plant refers to the facility from which products are to be shipped to the consumer.If the plant has been maintained in one of the master records, the system will automatically propose it when processing a sales order.

Plant Determination in Sales Order

Delivery plants populate automatically when we create sales order .Plant Determination happen based on following preference principle from master data maintain in the system .System fetches Delivery Plant from Customer Material Info Record if Plant is not found at this level, if no records maintain then it will referrer 2nd & 3rd reference. If a consumer overwrites Plant at the sales document stage, this will now take precedence. The sequence of events will be as follows.

  1. Customer Material Info Record
  2. Customer Master data – Ship-to Party
  3. Material Master data

What is Output determination in SAP

In SAP, using the condition technique, we can configure output for a specific document for which SAP follows the output determination procedure. The output of the document can be generated and sent by print ,e-mail, EDI & IDOCs

How output is determined in SAP SD?

At the level of the sales document, delivery, and billing, output is determined based on condition technique ,check out output determination .

What is pricing procedure in SAP SD?

In SAP SD ,Pricing procedure is help to determine  correct prices in the sales documents. The pricing procedure gives the functionality to assign different types of calculations to different requirements. The pricing procedure used to determine all conditions in a single procedure where the sub-total finds a net amount.

How pricing procedure determine in Sales Order

Pricing Procedure determine based on below configuration from SPRO .

  • Sales Area( Sales Organization ,Distribution Channel & Division from the sales order )
  • Document Pricing Procedure set on Sales  Document type
  • Customer Pricing Procedure set on Customer Master (Sold-to Party)
How pricing procedure determine in Sales Order
How pricing procedure determine in Sales Order

How Text determination in SAP SD?

System determine the procedure for determining the text of the sales document header or it can import it from the customer master. Text may be proposed in the sales document header during copying, or the text may be determined in the sales document based on below principle

  • Customer Material Information Record
  • Customer Master (General text, Accounting text, Sales text)
  • Material master text (Sales text or PO text)

How warehouse determine in SAP SD?

SAP Warehouse is an element of the organizational unit which used to store finished goods, semi-finished goods, scrap, tools and raw materials. It consists of a separate type of storage for the storage of a particular type of material.If Warehouse management has been implemented , system determine warehouse number based on below criteria

  • Plant
  • Storage location

How is storage location determined in SAP?

System determine the location of the storage when the outbound delivery is created and copied into the delivery item. Otherwise, the storage location entered in the order item will be used for the outbound delivery.The system determines the location of the pick on the basis of a rule defined in the type of delivery. In the standard system, the following rules are shipped:

  • MALA Rule:

The location of the pick-up shall be determined on the basis of the shipping point, the delivery plant and the storage condition for the material as defined in the master material.

  1. Plant
  2. Shipping Point 
  3. Storage Conditions ( Material Master ) 
  • RETA and MARE: This rules are mainly used in commercial scenarios.
  1. Plant
  2. Shipping Point 
  3. Situation 

We can also Implemented users exits to determine custom rule for storage locations determination

How picking determine in SAP ?

Picking means from where system pick up the Physical inventory . Storage rule also assignment to Delivery type. The location search is activated for each category of delivery item.

  • On the basis of MALA rule (as mentioned above)
  • Delivery Plant
  • Loading Group
  • Storage condition(MM)

How is tax determined in SAP sales order?

Condition technique is widely use in various determination. System calculate taxes based on tax procedure assignment .In SD Taxes determine based on four Principle .

  • Departure Country from Shipping Point
  • Destination Country from Ship-To-Party master records
  • Customer Tax classification assign in the customer master
  • Material Tax Classification assign Material Master

How does credit check happen in Sales Order & Delivery Document ?

SAP Determine automatic Credit check at Sales Document Level or Delivery Document Level . Pre requisite will Credit Check Item Category should be activated

  • Risk category assign to Customer master records
  • Credit Control area

How Partners Determine in SAP

In SD , When we created a sales order system determined Ship to party, Bill to party,payer based on sold to party entre in sales order entry screen . System determines the partner based on the following configuration:

  • Partner Function
  • Customer Account Group
  • Partner Determination Procedure

Hope this article helps you understand SAP SD Essential Determination.Here are a couple of other articles that you check 

To sum up, SAP SD Determination is an important part of setting up the Sales and Distribution function. There are many rules and settings that control how different things are treated during the sales order processing process. These include pricing, partners, texts, and taxes. Businesses can make sure sales deals are accurate and quick by clearly defining these factors. This makes customers happier and streamlines processes.


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