What is SAP Modules-How many modules in SAP

This blog article will explore the SAP Module List’s fundamentals. Many of our readers are unfamiliar with SAP’s functional and technical modules. SAP is very flexible, and almost anything we can customize based on business requirements. SAP system achieved better flexibility because it has different modules such as SD, MM, PP, HR, etc., which emulate the business processes of specific departments such as Sales & Distribution, Material Management, Financial Accounting, Production Planning & Human resource, which are denoted as SAP Modules: SD, MM, FI/CO, PP, HR, etc.

Introduction of SAP Module

The sap is a software product that provides a solution to various industry-specific solutions such (as AFS, Retails, OIL & Gas, etc.). We also have standard cross-application components in addition to these options. ERP Component – Oriented to well-known Business Modules (PP, SD, MM, PM,CO, HR)

SAP Module that are integrated all systems into one system. It enables to flow of data or information from the various departments of An organization. In General, each department denotes one single SAP Module. Each Module is integrated with the other to share common information.

SAP Module
SAP Module

SAP ERP Applications are not dedicated to one unique application or Module; they are used throughout the system to integrate and automate SAP processes. The following is a brief overview and description of a few of SAP’s major functional areas.

How many types of SAP modules are there?

For SAP, there are two significant kinds of SAP modules: technical and functional.

SAP Functional modules within SAP offer an interface to live-time capabilities that your business could benefit from. However, SAP technical modules work more behind the scenes to ensure that SAP functional components and their integrated ecosystem function as efficiently as possible.

SAP Functional Modules

SAP Functional Modules offer business capabilities like processing orders, transforming primary data into intelligence, and managing human resources.

SAP Technical Modules

SAP Technical Modules are modules that run to the back end of an SAP environment to help maintain and optimize your environment. develop applications, troubleshoot problems and download updates, and plan and execute

SAP functional modules

SAP functional modules are designed to provide companies with business-oriented features such as inventory tracking HR management, inventory tracking, and processing orders. Explore the SAP functional modules to find out which features your business could benefit most.The SAP Functional Consultant module is responsible for the modules.

Sales and Distribution (SAP SD)

The SAP SD module includes business processes for selling, shipping, and billing products. SAP SD helps businesses by tracking sales transactions, categorizing various sales and processes, and producing effective sales documents

sap sd process flow
  • Pre-Sales Activity -Inquiry, Quotation
  • Sales Orders
  • Availability Check & Credit Check
  • Pricing
  • Outbound Delivery -Picking (and other warehouse processes), Packing
  • Shipping
  • Goods Issuing
  • Billing Processing
  • Payment Processing

Materials Management (SAP MM)

Materials Management(MM) is critical in a manufacturer’s supply chain because it provides material, inventory, and warehouse management capabilities.

  • Requisitions
  • Purchase Orders
  • Goods Receipts
  • Accounts Payable
  • Inventory Management,
  • BOMs,
  • Master Raw Materials,
  • Finished Goods, and so on
sap MM process flow
SAP MM process flow

Financial Accounting (SAP FI)

The SAP FI is a critical SAP ERP module that is used to store an organization’s financial data and analyze market financial conditions. This module works with financial components such as

  • General ledger 
  • Book Closing 
  • Tax 
  • Accounts receivable 
  • Accounts payable
  • Consolidation 
  • Special ledgers
sap fi process flow
sap fi process flow

Controlling (SAP CO)

SAP CO provides information to business decision-makers in order for them to better understand and optimise how their company’s money is spent.

  • Cost components
  • Cost centres
  • Centres of profit
  • Internal directives
  • Activity-based pricing
  • Product pricing
sap CO process flow
SAP CO process flow

SAP Production Planning (SAP PP)

The Plan to Produce process is addressed by SAP Production Planning, which is a part of production planning. It includes the following information and processes: Information on the Material Master, the Bill of Materials, the Routing, and the Work Center

  • Plans for sales and production
  • Demand Control
  • Planning for Material Requirements (MRP)
  • Capacity Management
  • Production Directives
sap pp process flow
sap pp process flow

Projects System (SAP PS)

The Project System module assists organizations in managing projects throughout their lifecycle, including project structure, timetables, budgeting, reporting, project progress analysis, and cost and revenue planning.

  • Make to order
  • Plant shutdowns (as a project)
  • Billing to third parties (on the back of a project)
sap ps process flow
sap ps process flow

Plant Maintenance (SAP PM)

The SAP PM module simplifies total maintenance management by covering inspection, preventative maintenance, and technical system repairs. This module is invaluable for manufacturers looking for complete control.

  • Manpower
  • Materials
  • Downtime and outages
SAP PM process flow
SAP PM process flow

Quality Management (SAP QM)

The Quality Management module assists organizations in quality production management by collaborating in sales procurement, planning, production, inspection, notification, audit management, control, and other areas.

  • Planning
  • Execution
  • Inspections
  • Certificates
sap qm process flow
sap qm process flow

Logistics Execution (SAP LE)

The SAP LE assists businesses in inventory control by creating deliveries, picking packaging, and posting goods issues.

  • Goods Receiving Process
  • Goods Issuing Process
  • Internal Warehouse Process
  • Shipment Process
sap le process flow
sap le process flow

Human Resources (SAP HRM)

The Human Resources module includes assistance with salary and payroll administration, as well as work schedule models. Because of country-specific taxes, employee benefits, and employment laws, this core functional area is country-specific. This functional area includes the following modules, among others:

  • Personnel Administration (PA)
  • Personnel Time Management (PT)
  • Payroll (PY)

SAP Technical Modules

SAP technical modules are primarily concerned with ensuring the smooth operation of the SAP landscape. Here is our complete list of SAP technical modules and their primary functions:

SAP Basis

SAP Basis is known as SAP system administration and provides the technical foundation that allows SAP applications to run smoothly. It includes the following activities:

  • System Installation
  • Monitoring System performance
  • System Administration
  • Printer & Spool Administration

SAP Security

A technical Module called SAP security operates within SAP systems to permit access where it is required and bar access where it is not. putting in place effective internal security and access procedures. This module provides support on the below activity

  • Users access
  • Users’ Role Management
  • Implement organizational access policies

SAP Solution Manager

Clients may consolidate, extend, automate, and improve the management of their whole system environment using SAP Solution Manager, which lowers overall ownership costs. Here are the below activities performed by Solman Team

  • User experience monitoring, system
  • Monitoring, integration monitoring,
  • Job monitoring
  • Critical alert publishing

SAP NetWeaver

Regardless of their access point, SAP NetWeaver links business users to SAP software in real-time (social media platforms, mobile devices or web applications). NetWeaver also offers unified tracking of numerous processes, including business intelligence, exchange infrastructure, and enterprise portal.

  • Application Development
  • User connections
  • Process orchestration
  • System management,
  • Data management, and security access.

Middleware I Exchange Infrastructure (SAP XI)

Exchange architecture enables the implementation of cross-system procedures from many manufacturers and versions. Using this robust middleware from SAP, non-SAP applications both inside and outside the company may be integrated seamlessly.

  • Complete and smooth connection with a variety of third-party systems
  • Supported scenarios for SAP Exchange Infrastructure.

Advanced Business Application Programming (SAP ABAP)

Java, C, C++, and Python were combined to create SAP ABAP, a high-level programming language used to create business applications in an SAP environment. it uses an advanced 4th generation language. Technical Consultants create reports for new developments and user exits.

  • New program development
  • New report development
  • Upload the data from the legacy system to the R/3 system using LSMW

Along with those traditional business functions, SAP now offers the S/4 Hana, SuccessFactors,Hybris, CEC, Ariba, Fieldglass, FSCM, BTP, CRM, APO, SEM, SCM, and other New Dimensions products.


Each SAP module offers unique features to satisfy various business objectives, and they are all specifically designed to streamline and optimize business operations for any organization. Businesses can increase productivity, cut expenses, and improve customer happiness by choosing the appropriate SAP modules.

You Might Also Like the below articles

Leave a Reply


Enjoy this blog? Please spread the word :)